MAJOR MI SKILLS
Open-Ended Questions, Affirmations, Reflections, and Summaries (OARS) make up the major skills of MI. They are client-centered which helps the client talk about what is most important to them. These skills can help work with resistance (discord and sustain talk). OARS by themselves is not MI, rather it is how they are used strategically to help someone identify change behaviors and elicit and respond to change talk around these change behaviors to aid in building motivation and resolving ambivalence for change.